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Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 236 – More on Maariv

  1. It is customary to recite V’hu Rachum before Maariv. (MB1)
  2. You aren’t allowed to talk after Borchu even before you begin the first beracha. The chazzan is announcing “Borchu” to tell everyone to begin blessing the Birchos Krias Shema. Therefore, once you answer, it is as if you began the first beracha. (MB1)
  3. Pause between “…baurakia kirtzono” and “boray yom vaulaila…” (MB2)
  4. The beracha after Shema ends “…go’al Yisroel”. Unlike the one in Shemoneh Esray which ends “…goyayl Yisroel”. (MB3)
  5. Do not talk between geula and tefilla of Maariv. Even if your minhag is to recite the 18 verses and Yiru Aynaynu, do not talk after it. Exception: to announce after Kaddish “Rosh Chodesh” or “tal u’mottar” or “al Hanissim” (ShA2 – MB7)
  6. It is better not to stand for the 18 verses to show that you aren’t fulfilling the Shemoneh Esray now. However, if you daaven (only) Shemoneh Esray early with the tzibbur, when you later recite Krias Shema with its berachos after dark, you can stand for the 18 verses. (MB10)
  7. In the 18 verses, do not say the verse that has in it “hoshiaynu Hashem Elokay yish’aynu”, rather “hoshiaynu Elokay yish’aynu”. This way you will have exactly 18 Names. (MB10)
  8. To be somaych geula to tefilla at Maariv is not as critical as tefilla b’tzibbur. Therefore, if you arrive while the minyan is about to start Shemoneh Esray, daaven with them tefilla b’tzibbur and afterwards say the Krias Shema with its berachos. The same situation at Shacharis would require you to first say berachos to fulfil being somaych geula to tefilla even though you will miss tefilla b’tzibbur. (ShA3 – MB12 – ShaH8)
  9. If you figure you will be able to daaven Maariv with a minyan later, do not daaven now because you will not be fulfilling somaych geula to tefilla. (MB12)
  10. If you came in with enough time to say all the Birchos Krias Shema until “…shomer ammo Yisroel lo’ad” and be on time for Shemoneh Esray, do it and skip Boruch Hashem L’olam (the 18 verses) – those verses are only a minhag. (MB11)
  11. In the above case, make up Boruch Hashem L’olam after davening. Do not seal Yiru Aynaynu with the final beracha since some poskim hold not to say it after Maariv at all. (MB11)
  12. Let’s say you need to daven Mincha and you enter shul when the tzibbur is saying Borchu for early Maariv. Daaven Mincha Shemoneh Esray while they are saying Birchos Krias Shema and then daaven with them the Maariv Shemoneh Esray. You’ll say Birchos Krias Shema later, after dark. If you can daaven Maariv at a later minyan, rather wait until this tzibbur stands to daaven their Maariv Shemoneh Esray and daaven with them your Mincha Shemoneh Esray. (MB11)
  13. The final beracha states “…tomid yimloch olaynu…” – a praise meaning the Glorious King will reign over us forever. It isn’t a request meaning – should reign over us forever. (MB15)

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