Promoting Mussar with innovation & appeal !

Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 233 – The proper time for Mincha

  1. Halachic hours are calculated by splitting the day into 12 equal parts – according to some poskim from dawn to dusk, and others hold from sunrise to sunset. These units are the “hours” meant in the upcoming halachos. (Rama1 – MB4)
  2. The best time for Mincha is from 9 ½ hours into the day. You are yotzay if you daaven from 6 ½ hours. This becomes l’chatchila when you need to daaven before eating or travelling or there will not be a minyan later. Especially because some Rishonim hold 6 ½ hours is always l’chatchila. (ShA7 – MB1)
  3. If you daavened Mincha from the beginning of the seventh hour, even though you shouldn’t have, do not daaven again. (MB2)
  4. As for the last time for Mincha (and beginning time for Maariv):
    • The Rabbonon hold you must finish the Shemoneh Esray before sundown and daaven Maariv when the stars emerge. (Tsais hakochavim)
    • Rabi Yehuda holds finish Mincha before Plag Hamincha (10 ¾ hours). Time for Maariv Shemoneh Esray starts right after Plag Hamincha.
      You may choose either to be your daily conduct. (ShA1 – MB5,6,14)
  5. On a day that you daavened Mincha after Plag Hamincha (you chose the Rabbonon) do not daaven Maariv before tsais hakochavim (which is only Rabi Yehuda’s opinion). B’dieved, if you daavened Maariv from Plag Hamincha, you are yotzay – but never before Plag Hamincha. (ShA1 – MB10)
  6. The above halacha applies only to an individual, but a tzibbur that daavened Mincha after Plag Hamincha is allowed to daaven Maariv right afterwards. This is because it will be a bother to regather the tzibbur together later after tsais. (MB11)
  7. It is better to daaven Mincha before shkia by yourself, than to wait until after shkia when the tzibbur will be daavening. B’dieved, you can daaven Mincha after shkia as long as you will finish before 15 minutes before tsais. After that, don’t daaven – it’s too late. (MB14)
  8. There is a mitzva to wash your hands (no beracha) before daavening Mincha and Maariv even they aren’t dirty. The washing for Mincha suffices for Maariv only if you didn’t distract your mind from the purity of your hands. (ShA2 – MB15,16)
  9. If you stand up to daaven from learning Torah or in the middle of a bread meal, you still need to wash – even though your hands are clean. (Rama2 – MB19)
  10. If you washed for tefilla and interrupted to learn Torah, you do not need to wash again when you resume daavening. (MB18)
  11. Mussaf also requires washed hands. The washing before Shacharis could terminate if (for example) you went out of shul to participate in an auction for aliyos. (MB18)
  12. If your hands aren’t dirty and you don’t have any water, you can just wipe your hands and daaven. But if you went to the bathroom or touched something dirty, wiping will not suffice. Go get water. How far? Look before in Siman 92:4 (ShA2 – MB20)

Log In

Need a Mussar Stories account? Create an account