Promoting Mussar with innovation & appeal !

Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 215 – Omayn after berachos

  1. After reciting a blessing before a Mitzva, do not answer omayn to your own beracha. If you do, its a hefsek. Go say the beracha again. The same holds true for birchos hanehenin. If you say omayn after your own beracha before eating, its a hefsek. (MB1)
  2. You are not allowed to talk between the berachos of Boruch She’omar and Yishtabach, nor between the beracha before Hallel and Y’hallelucha at the end. (MB3)
  3. The only time you say omayn after your own beracha is after Bonay Yerushalayim in bentching. (Rama1)
  4. In places where the custom is to answer omayn after Y’hallelucha and after Yishtabach, answer omayn after “…shomair amo Yisroel lo’ad” of Maariv as well. But do not answer omayn after Yiru Aynaynu – it is not part of Birkas Krias Shema. (Rama1 – MB5)
  5. You must answer omayn to any beracha that you hear. Even if:
    • you only heard the end.
    • you (didn’t hear but you) just know what the beracha is.
    • it isn’t a beracha but a tefilla containing no Name of Hashem, like the Harachamons after bentching. (ShA2 – MB6,9)
  6. Do not answer omayn after the beracha of an apikores. His thoughts are for idolatry. The Gr”a says that if you heard the entire beracha, you do answer. (ShA2 – MB10)
  7. Answer omayn after the beracha of a Jew who does not believe in the words of Chazal only if you hear the entire beracha. (BeH “hamvoraych”)
  8. There is a dispute if you are allowed to answer omayn after the beracha of a goy. You may be lenient to answer only if you heard the entire beracha. (Rama2 – MB12 – BeH “im”)
  9. If you hear a beracha which the words have been altered, as long as the main components of the beracha were said you answer omayn. But if he wasn’t yotzay with his beracha, it is a beracha l’vattalla – do not answer omayn. (MB11 – ShaH10)
  10. We train children who have reached the age of chinch to say berachos even when it isn’t the time to say them. Even the teacher can say the entire beracha including the Shem. But do not answer omayn after such berachos. (ShA3 – MB14)
  11. If an adult is learning the berachos, like the ones printed in the gemara, he should not say the Shem. The p’sukim in the gemara are allowed to be said as printed with the Shem. (MB14)
  12. When a child of chinuch age is saying a beracha at the appropriate time, it is a real beracha so say omayn afterwards. If the child is under the age of chinuch do not answer omayn to his beracha. (ShA3 – MB16)
  13. When a child says the berachos of the haftara in shul, answer omayn after them. (ShA3)
  14. Do not answer omayn after an unnecessary beracha. Such a beracha is tantamount to a false oath. Examples of unnecessary berachos:
    1. Saying blessings on food during a meal which are already exempted by the Hamotzi.
    2. Saying blessings on food just before Hamotzi which would have been exempted in the meal.
    3. Interrupting between beracha and the action. (ShA4 – MB18)
  15. Included in this prohibition is saying Hashem’s name for no reason. Whether it is the four letter-name or other names – even in a foreign language. If it isn’t said in the context of praise or thanks, it is forbidden. (MB19)
  16. If you hear someone saying Hashem’s name to curse, interrupt him!!!  (MB19)
  17. Because unnecessary berachos are so severe, do not risk it even if most chances are that you need to say it. For instance: you’re not sure if you ate a k’zayis (for a beracha achrona) or not – even if you didn’t, maybe you should still say an after beracha because it was a beria (complete, natural item – which itself is subject to an argument). (MB20)

Log In

Need a Mussar Stories account? Create an account