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Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 188 – The third beracha

  1. Say “omayn” to your own beracha of “…bonay Yerushalayim” – it signals the end of the d’oraisa blessings. (ShA1)
  2. The custom is to say the omayn out loud; just pause a bit before saying it. (MB2)
  3. Our minhag is to end “…boneh v’rachamov Yerushalayim.” (Rama4)
  4. You may request all of the Harachamons also on Shabbos. (MB9)
  5. On Shabbos add in R’tzay. On Yom Tov, Rosh Chodesh and Chol Hamoed add in Ya’aleh V’yovoh. When you need to say both prayers, R’tzay comes first. (ShA5)
  6.   If you remembered to say the additions only after “Boruch atta” but before Hashem of “boneh v’rachamov Yerushalayim” – go back to R’tzay and/or Ya’aleh V’yovoh and continue in order. If you said Hashem, first finish off “…lamdaini chukechoh”, then go back to R’tzay and/ or Ya’aleh V’yovoh and continue in order. (MB22)
  7. If you mistakenly didn’t say the above additions (or you don’t remember if you said them or not) on Shabbos and Yom Tov, there is a compensatory beracha to say as long as you have not yet began the fourth beracha. The nusach is brought in Shulchan Aruch. (ShA6 – MB16)
  8. Once you began the fourth beracha it’s too late. (The Chayay Odom rules you can still change it to the nusach of the compensatory beracha if you only said up to “melech ha’olam”, but if you remembered after the next word “ho’kayl” it’s too late.) Go back to the beginning of bentching. (ShA6 – MB23)
  9. If you do not know the nusach of the compensatory beracha, go back to the beginning. (MB17)
  10. The obligation to repeat bentching when you omit the additions only applies to Shabbos and Yom Tov when you must eat bread and bentch. The following is a list of times when omitting the addition does not require you to bentch again:
    • Rosh Chodesh
    • Chol Hamoed
    • A third Yom Tov meal
    • Shalosh Seudos on Shabbos. (ShA7,8 – MB26)
  11. If you omitted only Ya’aleh V’yovoh in bentching on Shabbos Rosh Chodesh, you do not bentch again. (ShA7)
  12. In case you fell asleep during bentching and you don’t know where you are holding, go back to the beginning. Whatever beracha you do know that you said does not need to be repeated. (BeH “lachzor”)
  13. If you began a meal towards the end of Shabbos, or Rosh Chodesh, or Purim or Channuka and you are bentching after dark, still say the addition since we go after the start of the meal. (ShA10)
  14. The above applies as long as you have not daavened Maariv before bentching. If you bentch after Maariv, omit the addition even though you began the meal during the holiday. (MB32)
  15. When Rosh Chodesh begins on Motzay Shabbos and you finished your meal while it was still Shabbos, but you are bentching after dark, mention only R’tzay not Ya’aleh V’yovoh. However, if the meal stretched into the night there is an argument: Some poskim rule to say only Ya’aleh V’yovoh, others rule to say both. (MB33)
  16.   When Channuka or Purim begin on Motzay Shabbos, even if the meal continued at night, mention only R’tzay in the bentching. (MB33)

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