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Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 178 – Changing Location while eating/sleeping

  1. A change of location during an eating session can cause a distraction from the beracha rishona – another beracha rishona may be required to continue eating. (Rama2)
  2. The following are considered changes of location:
    1. Going outside the building. (ShA1)
    2. Moving from one room to another under one roof. (MB3,12)
    3. Moving from one side of a tree to the other – the tree blocks your sight. (ShA2 – MB25) In case “b” and “c”, intent during the beracha to cover the second place helps, but not for case “a”. (Rama1 – MB25,39)
  3. If you are able to see any part of the original room from the one that you moved to, even through a window, the beracha is not terminated. (MB12)
  4. If you moved from place to place, all within the confines of an enclosure, you don’t have to say another beracha even if the first place is out of view. (MB25)
  5. L’chatchila, do not move from one room to another unless you either had intent or you can still see the first room. B’dieved, do not say another beracha since there are poskim who hold that one room to another isn’t considered a change of location. (BeH “b’vayis”)
  6. If you blessed on a fruit to eat it inside, but you only took a bite after you stepped outside, you aren’t yotzay with that beracha. (MB39)
  7. If you ate a k’zayis of food that requires saying a beracha achrona in the place that you ate, changing location does not terminate the beracha. You are still considered anchored to the original location since you have to go back there to bentch. Do not change location until you eat a k’zayis. (Rama2 – MB28)
  8. What type of food requires you to say a beracha achrona in the place that you ate them? Only bread and grain products. Therefore, change of location only applies to these products when a k’zayis has not yet been eaten and to other foods like fruit and drinks. (ShA5 – MB26,28,45)
  9. When you are finished eating you should say the beracha achrona before changing location even for bread. Otherwise, you might forget to bentch. Exceptions:
    1. Leaving to go to a mitzva – go, and afterwards come back to bentch.
    1. Leaving with intention to return right away. (Rama2 – MB34 – BeH ”overres”)
  10. If you aren’t finished eating yet but you think you might be gone for a long time, bentch before leaving. When you come back to finish eating, say new berachos. (BeH “b’lo beracha”)
  11. If you are eating fruit or drinks with another person and you change location leaving him behind, your berachos are not terminated. (MB27)
  12. If you eat bread or grain products with intention to continue eating in a different place, you may uproot yourself even l’chatchila. Any food or drink which was exempted by the bread in the first location is still exempted in the next location – it is all one meal. (MB40 – BeH “v’ochal”)
  13. In a case that you continued eating in a second location you will say the beracha achrona in that location for all of the food that you ate. This is comparable to travellers who eat on the go, they sit and bentch at the place that they finished eating. However, if you want to return to the first location to eat some more, it is better to go back and bentch there. (ShA4 – ShaH34)
  14. A traveller who began eating on the go has not established a specific place for his meal and therefore his change of location does not terminate his beracha. (MB42)
  15. If you began eating in a specific place thinking you will be eating the rest on the go, you have the din of a traveller. (MB42)
  16. If you fell asleep (even for an hour) during the meal you have not terminated your beracha rishona. However, you must wash again without a beracha to continue eating bread. (ShA7 – MB48)
  17. Going to sleep on your bed constitutes an interruption. A new beracha rishona is required when you wake up. (MB48)

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